In 1683, the second Frame of Government was approved by the assembly. The Middle Colonies were the big food producing region that included corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. This is a combination of the Latin word ' Sylvania ' meaning woodland together with Penn, Fast Facts about the Pennsylvania ColonyYear Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia, Major Towns / Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, York, Geography: Mountains, coastal plain and plateau areas to Lake Erie lowlands. The warmer the sea temperature, the more water vapor becomes available for precipitation on land and influences the land temperatures. It was founded in 1682 by the English Quaker William Penn. How do you tell if chicken is molting or has mites? Penn was a supporter of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, a controversial religion at the time that rejected rituals and oaths and opposed war. The Pennsylvania Colony was an English colony (1681-1776) that belonged to the 13 original colonies situated along the Atlantic coast of North America. Link will appear as Pennsylvania Colony Facts & Worksheets: - KidsKonnect, November 5, 2020. The Hershey Chocolate Factory was completed in 1905. Like the grain, these products were used in the colonies as well as shipped to England. The Pennsylvania Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies. During the 1700's, the population of Pennsylvania went from . Throughout the 19th century, the U.S. government relocated Indian tribes from the southeastern United States to the area, and by 1900 over 30 Indian tribes had been moved to what read more, One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Massachusetts (officially called a commonwealth) is perhaps best known for being the landing place of the Mayflower and the Pilgrims. Hershey Chocolate was first sold commercially on April 17, 1895, and the company began marketing its signature Milk Chocolate bars in 1900. Activity 1. Natural Resources Colonial Pennsylvania had an abundance of natural resources. Both of these industries have supported Pennsylvanias economy ever since. New Jerseyis located in the heart of the bustling Atlantic corridor, nestled between New York and Pennsylvania, and it has the highest population density of any state. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, coal, bricks, apples, beer and wine, textiles, rope, furs and shipbuilding. Penn, on behalf of the Quakers, initially sought peace with the Lenape, one of the most prominent Native American tribes that occupied the region. Sawmills and gristmills were usually the first to appear, using the power of the numerous streams. The New England Province is northeast of the Piedmont Province, and contains steeply sloped hills and ridges. Slavery was legal in the Pennsylvania Colony. The Grand Canyon of Pennsylvania is a National Natural Landmark and a State Park Natural Area. The colonys known cities included Philadelphia, Lancaster, and York. This lecture is a brief introduction to the early history of the Pennsylvania Colony. Today, the only interstate passenger rail service still in operation is Amtrak, which operates routes connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh to Washington, D.C., and linking Philadelphia with Harrisburg and cities along the Eastern Seaboard; another line travels along Pennsylvanias Lake Erie shore on a route between Chicago and points east. The Pennsylvania colony was one of the 13 original British colonies that became the United States of America. The region was ceded to Britain following the French and Indian War. Colonial Pennsylvania (PA) was rich in Natural Resources. Native American tribes including the Lenape, Susquehannocks, Erie, Seneca, and Oneida, lived on the land thats now Pennsylvania thousands of years later. Wildlife is abundant in Pennsylvania. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. The Cramp Shipyards, a producer of passenger steamships and warships, also helped pave the way for the states industrial profile. 322166814/, The Best Benefits of HughesNet for the Home Internet User, How to Maximize Your HughesNet Internet Services, Get the Best AT&T Phone Plan for Your Family, Floor & Decor: How to Choose the Right Flooring for Your Budget, Choose the Perfect Floor & Decor Stone Flooring for Your Home, How to Find Athleta Clothing That Fits You, How to Dress for Maximum Comfort in Athleta Clothing, Update Your Homes Interior Design With Raymour and Flanigan, How to Find Raymour and Flanigan Home Office Furniture. Small iron ore deposits provided the basis of early iron furnaces, but the major deposits of iron ore that were located in Cornwall and Morgantown have since been abandoned. Penn had designed the city which had streets laid out in a grid. Canals were superseded by railroads as the primary mode of transportation until the early 20th century. The city is also the site of many firsts including the first mass celebrated in an American Catholic church and the first U.S. hospital. The state is also rich in mineral deposits, such as anthracite and bituminous coal, limestone, shale and dolomite. Because Penns colony offered settlers religious freedom, it attracted people of other denominations. The Pennsylvania Colony exported iron ore and manufactured iron products to England, including tools, plows, kettles, nails and other items. 7 What kind of resources did the Middle Colonies have? During meals, everyone in a household, including the servants, shared a single table. These colonies were further divided into three geographic areas, which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Led by Penn, the new government protected the rights of the citizens and maintained peace with the local Native Americans. The farms usually covered 50 to 150 acres, with a house, barn, yard, and fields. 4 What was the natural resources of the Pennsylvania Colony? The National Park Service strives to connect people to the opportunities and adventures throughout the watershed. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. In 1940 nearly half of the states labour force was in service jobs, and by the turn of the 21st century that proportion had increased to more than three-fourths of the workforce. The Pennsylvania Colony's landscape included mountains, coastal plains, and plateaus and land suitable for farming. Pennsylvania, popularly called the Keystone State, encompasses a land area of around 44,817 square miles. Trade in the Pennsylvania Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Pennsylvania is one of the top states for coal mining. It was estimated that seven to ten percent of the colony's population were slaves. Sign Me Up. What natural resources did the colony have? Since the mid-20th century the service sector has been a steadily increasing source of employment in Pennsylvania. Over 41 million acres are connected through the waters that flow to and through Chesapeake Bay. Others declined to eat butter, tea or meat. The growth in service employment originally came from workers who had been active in mining and agriculture and, later, in manufacturing. And they were known as the bread basket because of all the natural resources they had. Swedes and Finns continued to arrive and settle in what would become Pennsylvania. With more than half the state covered in forests, Pennsylvania has a wide variety of trees, including eastern white pine, red maple, sycamore, and eastern hemlock (the state tree). Agriculture was the main source of natural resources. All rights reserved. HOME; TEACHING RESOURCES. One of the original 13 colonies, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn as a haven for his fellow Quakers. Colonial forests were packed with wild game, and turkey, venison, rabbit and duck were staples of the colonists' meat-heavy diets. Click the Edit button above to get started. There were also small farmers, who had small farms often not even owning the land they worked. In 1875, Pittsburgh businessman Henry J. Heinz started a food processing business that mass-produced horseradish, ketchup, pickles, relish, and vinegar of a consistently high quality - all made from grain, fruits, and vegetables grown in Pennsylvania. Also, the Natives are willing to trade their furs and jewelry for crops. From its beginning, Pennsylvania ranked as a leading agricultural area and produced surpluses for export, adding to its wealth. Please be respectful of copyright. During the late 1800s, Philadelphia was the leader in industrial production, especially in manufacturing. Refer to Religion in the ColoniesNatural Resources: Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. The Pennsylvania ColonyThe Pennsylvania Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The warm climate, rich soil for farming, and ample natural resources helped these . Natural Resources: The middle colonies had lots of resources such as grains, soil, harbors, rainfalls, timber, furs, long deep rivers, good climate and a long growing season. Tobacco, rice and indigo were the main crops grown in the southern colonies . The natural resources found in the Middle Colonies included: iron ore and good soil. Then write a 350 word report on the history of the colony. C. The colony's location at the mouth of the Hudson River was a valuable port for colonial trade. What were the Pennsylvanias natural resources? These 13 colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Penn's goal with Pennsylvania was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion. At least 28 states have enacted legislation on this topic in recent years. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. Pennsylvania is bordered by New York and Lake Erie in the north; New York and New Jersey in the east; Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia in the south; and West Virginia and Ohio in the west. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Manufacturing in the Pennsylvania Colony included shipbuilding, textiles, and papermaking. The Central Lowland Province is in the extreme northeast and has low ridges that were created by glaciers. The colony, founded by William Penn in order to promote religious liberty, became an economic growth center well before the years leading to the Revolutionary War. Which crops were cash crops for the Southern Colonies? Synonyms for branch inclu The colony likewise produced major crops, particularly wheat, making it the breadbasket colony. What are some examples of how providers can receive incentives? ", Pennsylvania During the American Revolution. Eastern Pennsylvania was noted for lighter manufacturing such as textiles, apparel, metal fabrication, and chemicals. Sign Up. They had many forests for lumber to build boats. The reason that King George II gave William Penn such a large area in the New World was because he owed William's father a large amount of money. These resources included timber, agricultural land, and fish. It can be divided into two geographical regions. 1 What resources did colonial Pennsylvania have? Pennsylvania was known as an economic stronghold in Colonial America primarily due to its strategic location in the Middle Colonies, which was suitable for many great ports that served as a way to bring immigrants from. It also has the largest reserve anthracite coal (a very hard, pure variety) in the nation. At the time, King Charles II of England owed Admiral Sir William Penn $80,000. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Analytics". The University of Pennsylvania, for example, added several graduate programs, admitted women to them, and enrolled students of color. So this colony is ruled by a good person. However, the business closed in 1882, and Milton traveled the country honing his trade before opening a location in Lancaster for his third confectionery business specializing in caramels. Golden eagles, peregrine falcons, and redheaded woodpeckers fly overhead, while reptiles such as eastern spiny softshell turtles, northern coal skinks, and venomous eastern Massasaugua rattlesnakes creep and slither on land. 12 What is Pennsylvania's nickname? In addition to fertile farmland, the natural resources of the Middle colonies included iron ore and wood from the forests. What natural resources did the northern colonies have? Pennsylvanias natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, coal, fertile soils, abundant minerals, ample water supplies and copious forests. Know about the underground coal mine fire burning in Centralia, Pennsylvania, since 1962 and its dangerous impact on health and the environment. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. This state is officially a commonwealth, an old term that refers to the "common weal" or well-being of the public. Pennsylvanias industry extended overseas and brought over more people from Germany, the Far East and South America. By the early 21st century the most important industries were those producing fabricated metals, machinery, lumber, and instruments, as well as printing and publishing. On March 4, 1681, King Charles signed the Charter of Pennsylvania, and it was officially proclaimed on April 2. Pennsylvania was one of the middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. About half of the region is forested. Colonial Pennsylvania was largely inhabited by Quakers, and gluttony was frowned upon. Following the Revolutionary War, North Carolina developed an extensive slave plantation system and read more, Colonized by Spain, the land that is now New Mexico became a U.S. territory following treaties signed with Mexico in 1848 and 1853. The Pennsylvania Colony became a U.S. state on December 12. Pennsylvania is a major producer of milk, eggs, and poultry; fruits, including peaches, grapes, cherries, and apples; hay; corn (maize); mushrooms; and Christmas trees. At first, Penn decided to name the territory New Wales. Natural resources in the Pennsylvania Colony included iron ore, coal, furs, forest, and farmland. 2 What natural resource was discovered in Pennsylvania in the 1850s? The 13 Colonies of America. The French and English fought for control of the land during the French and Indian War, which lasted from 1754 to 1763. Livestock is also raised in farming areas. During Pennsylvanias industrial heyday in the 19th and 20th centuries, the Philadelphia and Pittsburgh regions were its primary centres. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. This made them have a good start on life. The Marcellus Shale play contributes to the states oil and gas industry. The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania coal was first mined in the Pittsburgh area as early as 1761, and the 1859 completion of Drakes oil well in Titusville, Pa., gave rise to the modern petroleum industry. In 1712, the trade of enslaved people was outlawed in Pennsylvania. what natural resources the colony was known for hardships the colony had to overcome . But many black Pennsylvanians were in bondage long after that. Farther west is the Ridge and Valley Province, which contains part of the Appalachian Mountains. It was the only college in the world at the time to train female physicians. Each episode is an animated rap music video focusing on the big cities, history, landmarks, and significant geographical areas of each state. What important factor contribute to where resources were located in the thirteen colonies? Since the late 20th century, production has fallen to roughly one-fourth of that annually, owing to competition from petroleum and natural gas as well as the existence now of environmental laws that limit the consumption of sulfur-containing coal.